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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 452 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 21、李惠宗,《行政法要義》,2000年
  2. 30、林子傑,《人之圖像與憲法解釋》,翰蘆,2007年
  3. 2、Albert Camus著、黃馨慧譯,《卡繆札記Ⅰ》,麥田出版,2011年10月,初版
  4. 12、Hans Abbing著,嚴玲娟譯,《為什麼藝術家那麼窮:打破經濟規則的藝術產業(Why are Artists Poor? The Exceptional Economy of the Arts)》,典藏藝術家股份有限公司,初版,2008年
  5. 20、James Tully著,黃俊龍譯,《陌生的多樣性─歧異時代的憲政主義(Strange Multiplicity: Constitutionalism in an Age of Diversity)》,聯經,2001年7月,初版
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王怡潔(2017)。我國非營利組織免納所得稅租稅優惠之探討─以美國內地稅法為借鏡。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-161。 
  2. 陳唯宗(2015)。私有歷史性建造物之強制保存的法律關係論-兼論日本法制。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-125。 
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