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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 521 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁開杰、苟天來、朱曉紅、王燕燕等譯,2011,《慈善資本主義︰富人在如何拯救世界》,北京:社會科學文獻。譯自Bishop, Matthew & Michael Green. Philanthrocapitalism: How the Rich Can Save the World. Bloomsbury Press. 2008.
  2. 方凱弘、梁綰琪,2009,〈政策為何變遷?以桃園縣開徵地方稅為例〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,6(3):125-168。
  3. 王文誠、何敏華,2005,〈澎湖縣爭取設置觀光特區附設博弈產業之公共事務互動管理:名義團體技術實證研究〉,《公共事務評論》,6(1):1-23。
  4. 王晶譯,2008,《為什麼是民主?》,臺北市:聯經。譯自Dunn, John. Setting the people free : the story of democracy. London : Atlantic. 2005.
  5. 石之瑜,2005,〈推薦序:歷史終點的別名〉,閻紀宇(譯),《強國論》,臺北市:時報。譯自Fukuyama, Francis. State-Building: Governance and World Order in the 21st Century. New York: Cornell University Press. 2004.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱森村(2017)。臺灣政策執行中多階層否決之研究—以核四興建與中科三期開發案為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-218。 
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