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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 217 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李長晏,2009,〈北台與高高屏區域聯盟治理營運之比較〉,《台灣民主季刊》,6(2):1-60。
  2. 野崎孝男,2010,〈他山之石:日本的特別區及都區制度〉,《新社會》,20(10):13-19。
  3. 陳建仁,2008,〈單一制國家中央與地方夥伴之建構:以日本地方分權改革為例〉,《東吳政治學報》,26(4):97-143。
  4. 陳建仁,2011b,〈日本廣域行政地方立法機關的探討〉,《問題與研究》,50(3):49-74。
  5. 黃錦堂,2004,《垃圾處理設施興建及區域性合作機制之規劃調查》,台北:行政院環境保護署。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳惠卿(2017)。臺灣直轄市分權治理之研究—以新北市為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-274。 
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