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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. ___(2010),〈平等理論的演進與典範變遷〉,《大法官,給個說法!3:不平則鳴》,財團法人民間司法改革基金會編,頁5-18,臺北:商周。
  2. 陳昭如(2011),〈用法律改變未來:加拿大的楓葉女性主義行動〉,《性別平等教育季刊》,57期,頁107-114。
  3. 黃昭元(2008),〈平等權審查標準的選擇問題:兼論比例原則在平等權審查上的適用可能〉,《台大法學論叢》,第37卷第4期,頁253-283。
  4. Agocs, C. (1986). Affirmative Action, Canadian Style: A Reconnaissance. Canadian Publicy, Vol. 12 No. 1: 148-162.
  5. Bakan, A. B. and Kobayashi, Audrey. (2007). Affirmative Action and Employment Equity: Policy, Ideology, and Backlash in Canadian Context. Studies in Political Economy, vol. 79.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鍾逸帆(2015)。邁向同性婚姻平權社會:立法模式與司法判決模式之比較分析。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-265。 
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