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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 邱聰智(2002)。《新訂債法各論(中)》。台北:元照。
    2. 黃立(2006)。《民法債編總論》。台北:元照出版有限公司。三版。
    3. 王文宇(2009)。〈契約定性、漏洞填補與任意規定:以一則工程契約終止的判決為例〉,《臺大法學論叢》,38卷2期,頁131-153。
    4. 林妙玉(2004)。〈多源混合臍帶血移植之介紹〉,《榮總護理》,21卷4期,頁339-342。
    5. 胡信豪、蔡崇煌、周俊德、林高德(2007)。〈臍帶血保存與應用之簡介〉,《基層醫學》,22卷2期,頁65-69。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 莊錦秀(2011)。醫療民事責任體系再建構-以契約責任法理為中心-。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-525。 
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