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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 314 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉梅君(2003)。老虎鉗下的外勞勞動人權:我國外籍勞工勞動人權之探索。行政院國科會專題研究計畫成果報告。
  2. 劉邦棟、莊國良(2005)。新加坡與香港外勞制度考察報告。勞工委員會職業訓練局。
  3. 蕭文高(2009)。老人照顧服務產業之發展與限制。社會發展與社會工作實務研討會。台灣省社會發展研究學會主辦。資料檢索日期:2015年01月20日。網址:
  4. 王雲東、薛承泰、鄧志松、陳信木、楊培珊、詹慶恩(2012)。我國失能及失智人及所需照顧服務人力之推估。台大社工學刊,25,51-102。
  5. 王潔媛(2012)。台灣長期照顧機構外籍監護工華語教學種子教師之經驗分析。長期照護專業雜誌,16(2),159-176。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張梅芳(2011)。失能老人及主要照顧者社會支持系統之探討與建構。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2011。1-193。 
  2. 黃啟洲(2014)。長期照護產業的新興市場-日間照顧中心及居家照護中心的創新與整合策略。臺灣大學工業工程學研究所學位論文。2014。1-111。 
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