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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 494 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 門洪華,2005,《建構中國大戰略的框架:國家實力、戰略觀念與國際制度》,北京:北京大學出版社。
  2. 王啟明、陳宛郁,2010,〈國際社會化垂直與水平的途徑分析:以美國霸權在核不擴散條約的作用為例〉,《問題與研究》,第49卷第1期,頁111-145。
  3. 王瑤瑛,1999。〈國際貨幣基金的制約條件執行成效與政經效應〉,《問題與研究》,第38卷第9期,頁65-91。
  4. 石雅如,2012,〈墨西哥加入北美自由貿易區二十年之觀察(1994-2014) 〉,發表於
  5. 左正東、葉國俊,2011,〈金融海嘯後中國對於東亞貨幣整合的策略分析:亞元與人民幣之間的抉擇〉,《遠景季刊》,第12卷第2期,頁81-128。
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