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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 230 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王正嘉(2012)。〈網際網路上之刑法妨害名譽罪適用與界限—以實體與虛擬的二分社會論之〉,《政大法學評論》,第128期,頁143-202。
  2. 王明禮(1996)。〈網路空間匿名言論之管制〉,《資訊法務透析》,第8卷3期,頁31-36。
  3. 田仁杰(2006)。《歧視「外籍新娘」和「大陸新娘」言論之管制倡議-從批判種族理論觀點出發》,國立臺灣大學法律學研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  4. 吳典倫(2004)。《美國法上種族仇恨性言論之研究》,國立臺灣大學法律學研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  5. 林利芝(2010)。〈從校園網路侵權探討學術網路的ISP責任〉,《東吳法律學報》,第22卷2期,頁79-118。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱 意(2017)。論反恐措施與隱私保障──以聯合國規範體系為中心。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-90。 
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