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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁雪茵、鄭伯壎、任金剛(1996)<質性研究中研究者的角色與主觀性>。《本土心理學研究》,6,354-376。
  2. 朱嘉琪、鄔佩麗(1998)<台灣婦女女性意識發展歷程之研究∼以三位女性主義者的生命故事為例>。《台灣師大教育心理學報》,30(1),51-71。
  3. 李明濱(2005)《壓力人生》。台北:健康世界。
  4. 李貞德(2004)<「笑疾」考--兼論中國中古醫者對喜樂的態度>。《中央研究院歷史語言研究所集刊》,75(1),99-148。
  5. 高瑞協、林玉華(2006)《笑笑功手冊》。台北。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳盈君(2011)。更年期婦女成長團體之發展脈絡與經營模式。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-198。 
  2. 巫秀鳳(2011)。笑笑功對於長期照護機構住民心理健康促進的實證研究。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-129。 
  3. 林政毅(2012)。笑靜心運用於養護機構老人身心靈提昇之研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-60。 
  4. 林苑平(2008)。新移民女性電腦增能學習方案研究。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-163。 
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