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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 284 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王宗吉、黃緯強 (2000) 台灣原住民運動的現況與未來。學校體育雙月刊11(1): 4-8。
  2. 王擇盛 (2008) 花東地區基層棒球隊組訓現況分析與阻礙因素之研究。台東:台東大學健康促進與休閒管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  3. 石明宗 (2008) 「運動儀式」之研究:「技術動作儀式」與「再現文化儀式」。台北:師大書苑。
  4. 朱元鴻 (2000) 背叛╱洩密╱出賣:論田野民族誌的冥界。我們活在不同的世界:社會學框作筆記,頁235-267。台北:台灣社會研究出版社。
  5. 艾旭毅 (2004) 原住民與非原住民學童大肌肉動作發展之比較研究。台北師範學院教育政策與管理研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王安琪(2015)。從處理問題到防治風險:輔導體制的風險治理、助人專業與情緒勞動。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2015。1-151。 
  2. 陳博洲(2010)。亂中有序的一盤散沙:看球也玩球的台灣棒球民眾文化。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2010。1-56。 
  3. 謝仕淵(2011)。帝國的體育運動與殖民地的現代性:日治時期台灣棒球運動研究。臺灣師範大學歷史學系學位論文。2011。1-506。
  4. 許家瑜(2017)。咖啡館之島:台灣獨立咖啡館的夢想、工作與文化。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2017。1-138。
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