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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2003)•中華民國九十二年癌症登記年度報告•取自9月15日,2007,
  2. 李芸湘、蔡芸芳、賴裕和、高瑞和(2002)•肺癌病患在化學治療期間疲憊程度及其相關因素•台灣醫學,6(6),797-804。
  3. 高翡勵(2003).接受胃切除胃癌病人的症狀嚴重度、不確定感與希望狀態之探討.未發表碩士論文,台北,臺北醫學大學護理學研究所。
  4. 徐翠霞(2001).肺癌病患之疼痛程度與不確定感和希望狀態的相關性.未發表碩士論文,台北,臺北醫學大學護理學研究所。
  5. 張青蕙(2003).住院癌症病患疲憊問題及其相關因素之探討.未發表碩士論文,台北,臺北醫學大學護理學研究所。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫韶駿(2017)。口腔癌與鼻咽癌患者進食困難、憂鬱、營養狀況及其相關性之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2017。1-68。 
  2. 許晏寧(2012)。早期肺癌術後患者睡眠品質與相關因素探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2012。1-74。 
  3. 楊佩陵(2011)。冠狀動脈繞道術後病人睡眠品質及相關因素探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-101。 
  4. 謝佩芸(2010)。頭頸部癌症病人疼痛特質與其因應策略之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-66。 
  5. 方圓媛(2010)。口腔及口咽癌患者於治療後身體活動狀況探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-85。 
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