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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁秀吟、吳彩珠、林森田,2009,農地重劃制度調整方案之評選,台灣土地研究,12卷,2期,頁109-133。
  2. 王順發,2013,臺北地區基層農會經營效率之分析研究,碩士論文,國立臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所。
  3. 王裕仁,2006,台灣基層農會經營轉型之研究,碩士論文,國立中興大學應用經濟學系所。
  4. 左晉瑋,2010,應用Network DEA於台灣基層農會經營績效之研究,碩士論文,屏東科技大學農企業管理系。
  5. 行政院農委會,2014,農業統計年報,台北:行政院農業委員會。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃雪清(2017)。新北市老年農民健康狀況與城鄉發展之關聯性探討。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-52。 
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