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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院主計處(2003)。中華民國臺灣地區婦女婚育與就業調查報告。台北:行政院主計處。
  2. 李蘭、曾倩玲、陳光和、蕭淑貞(1994)。台北縣正常發展之幼兒的問題飲食行為。中華衛誌,13,頁95-104。
  3. 林薇(1998)。幼兒飲食行為行成及影響因素。家政教育學報,1,頁42-58。
  4. 林佳蓉、陳瑤惠(1998)。二至五歲托兒中心幼兒一日進食行為探討。臺灣營養學會雜誌,26,頁203-212。
  5. 羅鈞令,蕭小菁(2006)。腦性麻痺幼兒母親之日常職能活動經驗與調適。台灣職能治療學會雜誌,24,頁11-24。
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