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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. investigation of methane- and hydrocarbon-discharging mud volcanoes in the Carpathian
  2. Mountains, Romania: Environmental Microbiology, v. 8, p. 574-590.
  3. Amann, R., and Fuchs, B.M., 2008, Single-cell identification in microbial communities by
  4. improved fluorescence in situ hybridization techniques: Nature Reviews Microbiology, v.
  5. of chemolithoautotrophy in the hydrothermal system of Vulcano Island, southern Italy:
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫宛鈴(2013)。台灣東部雷公火泥火山噴泥中微生物產甲烷作用與鹽度及溫度變化之關係。臺灣大學海洋研究所學位論文。2013。1-78。 
  2. 陳韻如(2012)。台灣西南部關仔嶺溫泉微生物生成甲烷作用造成之同位素分化與族群結構關係。臺灣大學地質科學研究所學位論文。2012。1-106。 
  3. 盧光忻(2011)。台灣與菲律賓地熱溫泉中可培養嗜熱砷轉化菌之多樣性與生理代謝特性。臺灣大學地質科學研究所學位論文。2011。1-127。 
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