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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Christian Starck著,李建良譯,基本權利之保護義務,收錄於《法學、憲法法院審判權與基本權利》,元照出版公司,2006年7月。
  2. 2. Christian Starck著,李建良譯,基本權利之保護義務,收錄於《憲法理論與實踐(一)》,學林文化,民國88年。
  3. 3. 王皇玉,施用毒品行為之犯罪化,台大法學論叢,民國93年11月 。
  4. 8. 李建良,菸品標示「吸菸有害健康」的憲法問題,台灣本土法學雜誌第9期,2000年4月。
  5. 12. 李震山,人性尊嚴之憲法意義,收錄於《人性尊嚴與人權保障》,元照出版社,2000年。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝閔華(2013)。菸害防制法吸菸場所限制之重要爭議問題研究。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-242。 
  2. 王彥期(2010)。「他律」、「自律」或「共律」?-從暴力電視節目之分級看管制之未來。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2010。1-213。 
  3. 林南廷(2013)。公共衛生法中限制商業言論之合憲性探討。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2013。1-176。
  4. 賴奕甫(2014)。改善致胖環境的理論基礎與法制策略: 以垃圾食品廣告管制為例。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2014。1-170。
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