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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 206 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 謝金鑾、鄭兼才總撰,《續修臺灣縣志》,臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室,臺文叢第140種,1962。
    2. 鄭鵬雲、曾逢辰著,《新竹縣志初稿》,臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室,臺文叢第61種,1959。
    3. 王瑛曾,《重修鳳山縣志》,臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室,臺文叢第146種,1962,頁56。
    4. 洪淑苓,《民間文學的女性研究》,臺北:里仁書局,2004.2。
    5. 許美智,《「宜蘭研究」第六屆學術研討會論文集》,宜蘭市:宜蘭縣史館,2006。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 何里庭(2014)。宜蘭詔安客屬村落的文化網絡與認同-以游氏宗族與寺廟為例。交通大學客家文化學院客家社會與文化學程學位論文。2014。1-179。 
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