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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 199 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孔尚任,《桃花扇》,台北:普天出版社,1969。
  2. 李斗,《揚州畫舫錄》,北京:中華書局,1960。
  3. 王安祈,〈兼扮、雙演、代角、反串──關於演員、腳色和劇中人三者關係的幾點考察〉,收入華瑋、王璦玲主編,《明清戲曲國際研討會論文集》,台北:中央研究院中國文哲研究所籌備處,1998,頁625-667。
  4. 王照璵,〈清代中後期北京「品優」文化研究〉,南投:曁南大學碩士論文,2007。
  5. 王璦玲,〈晚明清初戲曲審美意識中情理觀之轉化及其意義〉,《中國文哲研究集刊》,19(2001),頁183-250。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉萍(2012)。品花到賞藝—清代北京相公堂子對京劇旦行表演藝術影響之研究。臺北藝術大學建築與文化資產研究所學位論文。2012。1-120。 
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