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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李美鈴,2008,《土地增值稅制改變之經濟效益統計分析》,新北市:臺北大學統計學系(所)碩士在職專班碩士研究論文
  2. 林財瑞,2009,《臺北市國民中學實施基金預算之研究》,臺北:臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修班碩士研究論文
  3. 洪菁珮,1999,《中央與地方財政收支劃分的政治經濟分析,1945-1999》,臺北:國立臺灣大學政治學研究所碩士研究論文
  4. 徐偉初、歐俊男、謝文盛,2012,《財政學》,台北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司
  5. 陳高燦,2005,《地方預算制度之研究:以臺北市地方總預算之編製、審議及執行為例》,桃園縣:元智大學管理研究所碩士研究論文
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗真(2015)。新北市政府歲出預算編列對資源配置影響之研究 - 以經濟發展支出與社會福利支出為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-179。 
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