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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 白火城、吳兩新、林仁壽。1996。家畜內分泌學。藝軒圖書出版社。臺北。
  2. 余品奐。2010。柴棺龜正常健康體態比例、淋巴液稀釋之血液樣本的臨床價值之研究。國立臺灣大學臨床動物醫學研究所。臺北。
  3. 吳兩新、王惠玲、方世偉、莊榮輝、張淑貞、黃森源、林仁壽。1989。牛奶中助孕素酵素免疫微滴盤法之建立。國立臺灣大學農學院研究報告29:173-183。
  4. 施玲玲。建立雌二醇酵素免疫分析法應用於臺灣水牛生殖狀態之監測。國立臺灣大學動物科學技術學系。臺北。
  5. 郭應誠。1989。抗助孕素單株抗體之備製及應用。國立臺灣大學畜牧學研究所碩士論文。臺北。
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