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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 215 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Able KW, Michael PF, Douglas FM (1986) Development of larval snailfishes (Pisces: Cyclopteridae: Liparidinae) from the western North Atlantic. Canadian Journal of Zoology 64: 2294-2316.
  2. Amaoka K (2003) Preliminary Guide to the Identification of the Early Life History Stages of Ateleopodid Fishes of the Western Central North Atlantic: US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Southeast Fisheries Science Center.
  3. Amaoka K, Kobayashi T (2003) Two Large Postlarvae of Ateleopus japonicus (Osteichthyes: Ateleopodiformes: Ateleopodidae) Collected from Senzaki Bay and Hagi Bay, Yamaguchi, Japan. Species Diversity 8:107-117.
  4. Ambrose D (1996) Alepocephalidae: slickheads. In: Moser HG (ed) The early stages of fishes in the California Current region. CalCOFI Atlas 33. Allen Press, Lawrence, KS. 33:224-233.
  5. Ambrose JJ, Sass SL, Davis MF (1993) Early growth, behavior, and otolith development of the winter flounder Pleuronectes americanus. Fishery Bulletin 91:65-75.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃文謙(2016)。東亞島弧海域小鰭鰭尾鯙初期生活史與族群遺傳結構之探討。臺灣大學海洋研究所學位論文。2016。1-117。
  2. 廖竣(2016)。臺灣周遭淺海至深海底棲魚類群聚組成特性。臺灣大學漁業科學研究所學位論文。2016。1-145。
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