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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 283 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀紅 (2000).因徑分析的概念與方法.護理研究,8(1),124-133。
  2. 孫效智(2012).安寧緩和醫療條例中的末期病患與病人自主權.政治與社會哲學評論, 41。
  3. 張惠雯、顏啟華、林鵬展 & 劉立凡 (2011).病人對預立醫囑的看法-以彰化某醫院家庭醫學科門診病人為例.安寧療護雜誌,16(3),296 -311。
  4. 張慧玉(2009).探討終末病患照護中有關預立醫囑、生前預囑之現況及倫理法律問題.(未發表碩士論文) .臺北醫學大學護理學研究所,台北市。
  5. 黃錦鳳 (2007).加護病房重症病人簽署不與急救同意書對醫療處置之影響.(未發表碩士論文).臺北醫學大學護理學研究所,台北市。
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