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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. Anna Saba and Federico Messina (2003).Attitudes towards organic foods and risk/benefit perception associated with pesticides, Food Quality and Preference, 14(8), 637–645
  2. 3. Damien W. Mather, John G. Knight, Andrea Insch, David K. Holdsworth, David F. Ermen, and Tim Breitbarth. (2011). Social Stigma and Consumer Benefits:Trade-Offs in Adoption of Genetically Modified Foods, Science Communication, 10.1177/1075547011428183
  3. 4. Donna M. Dosman, Wiktor L. Adamowicz, and Steve E. Hrudey. (2001). Socioeconomic Determinants of Health- and Food Safety-Related Risk Perceptions. Risk Anal. 21(2)
  4. 5. Duncan D. Nulty. (2008). The adequacy of response rates to online and paper surveys:what can be done?Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 33( 3), 301–314.
  5. 6. Elizabeth C. Redmond and Christopher J. Griffith. (2004). Consumer perceptions of food safety risk, control and responsibility, Appetite, 43, 309–313.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李俊良(2015)。論人體檢體生物醫學研究之管制體系─以委員會控核機制及研究倫理法律義務為核心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-522。 
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