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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 254 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.王睦齡 專利法上平行輸入與耗盡原則之研究,國立中正大學法律學研究所,91年度碩士論文。
  2. 14.李森堙 談美國基因專利書面描述要件之新近判決,科技法律透析,第14卷第6期,2002年6月,頁24-29。
  3. 15.李森堙 談生技專利之延展性申請專利範圍,科技法律透析,第14卷第5期,2002年5月,頁44-61。
  4. 19.李素華 由美國科技立法研析科學技術基本法第六條及其子法之技術移轉法制,科技法律透析,第13卷第5期,2001年5月,頁18-43。
  5. 25.范建得 展望後坎昆時代之TRIPs發展及其對智慧財產權擴張趨勢之影響,清華科技法律與政策論叢,第2卷第2期,2005年3月,頁143-176。
Times Cited (18) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇柏榮(2009)。生物材料移轉契約之研究─以財產歸屬與拒絕交易為中心。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2009。1-153。 
  2. 高千雅(2008)。由公共衛生論醫藥試驗免責及資料專屬權制度 —以我國製藥產業為例。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2008。1-126。 
  3. 陳蔚奇(2010)。論美國專利連結制度於我國實行之妥適性。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2010。1-104。 
  4. 陳婉寧(2017)。論國家資助研發成果之運用及歸屬-以科技基本法介入權規範為中心。國立臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-139。 
  5. 王湘淳(2015)。論專利制度對綠色科技發展之影響。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-172。 
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