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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王美鴻 1997 疊慧法:以圖書館與資訊科學的應用爲例,圖書與資訊學刊,,23:45-60。
  2. 李思根、鄧國雄 1996 台灣東部地區地景登錄現況—以花蓮縣為例,第五屆全國地景保育大會論文集。
  3. 余炳盛、方建能 1995 金瓜石九份地質觀察路線,台灣省立博物館。
  4. 何立德 1999 特殊地質地形景點選址與管理之研究—以海岸山脈地區為個案,國立台灣大學地理所碩士論文。
  5. Ahn, B.Y., Lee, B. and Shafer, C.S., 2002. Operationlizing sustainability in regional tourism planning : an application of the limits of acceptable change framework, Tourism Management, 23:1-15.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊佳瑋(2015)。臺灣礦產業文化資產保存策略研擬-以水金九地區為例。朝陽科技大學建築系建築及都市設計碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-128。
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