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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 13.林俊益,刑事訴訟法概論(上),學林,2003年4月三版。
    2. 14.林鈺雄,刑事訴訟法(上),自版,2003年9月三版。
    3. 22.黃朝義,刑事訴訟法—證據篇,元照,2002年11月。
    4. 24.黃東熊,刑事訴訟法論,三民,1989年4月四版。
    5. 26.湯德宗,行政程序法論,元照,2000年10月初版。
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳又寧(2010)。美國性侵害證據法則之研究-以破除性侵害迷思為中心。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2010。1-127。 
    2. 張譽馨(2016)。限制或剝奪被告對質詰問權之研究─以性犯罪被害者證人為中心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2016。1-168。 
    3. 楊思恬(2013)。論被告因不法行為而喪失對質詰問權—以美國法為借鏡。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-243。 
    4. 蔡羽玄(2006)。第二審上訴之審理--美國法為借鏡。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2006。1-172。 
    5. 陳鈺歆(2009)。對質詰問權保障標準取代傳聞法則之研究-以歐洲法發展為例。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2009。1-178。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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