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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林文啟 1995 具可攜性中文自然語言查詢介面之研究,國立中興大學應用數學研究所碩士論文。
  2. Alber, R. 1987. The National Science Foundation National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis, International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 1(4):303-326.
  3. Aronoff, S. 1989. Geographic Information Systems : A Management Perspective , Canada :WDL Publications.
  4. Baird, J.C. , Merrill, A. and Tannenbaum, J. 1979. Studies of the Cognitive Represention of Spatial Relations : A Familiar Environment, Journal of Experimental Psychology General, 108(1):92-98.
  5. Burrough, P. A. 1986 Principles of Geographical Information System for Land Resource Assessment, USA : Clarendon Press.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅元輔(2009)。語意關聯式的新圖文整合-以陽明山國家公園研究報告為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2009。1-149。 
  2. 沈嘉慧(2008)。應用文字挖掘技術以整合文件與GIS—以陽明山國家公園研究報告為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2008。1-102。 
  3. 彭彥綸(2008)。運用內容聯合概念於資訊搜尋結果之呈現。大同大學資訊經營學系所學位論文。2008。1-70。
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