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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4、 王鶴松,2003,臺灣銀行業的現況與未來努力方向,臺灣金融財務季刊,4(4):123-146。
  2. 6、 吳聰敏,1988,美援與臺灣的經濟發展,臺灣社會研究季刊,(1)1:145-150。
  3. 18、 翁如好,2005,金融自由化下金融監理體制的變革-兼論我國金融監督管理委員會,桃園:國立中央大學產業經研究所碩士論文。
  4. 26、 黃宗昊,2004,臺灣政商關係的演變:歷史制度論分析,問題與研究,43(4),臺北:政大國關中心,48-49。
  5. 42、 廖坤榮,2005,臺灣農會信用部經營管理的道德危險研究,公共行政學報,17:74-77。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃士元(2010)。經濟犯罪被害人財產權保障之救濟--從憲法觀點論刑事附帶民事訴訟之修改方向。政治大學法學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-227。
  2. 薛國鼎(2017)。國內對於偵辦非法吸金面對之挑戰及防制策略研究。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2017。1-86。
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