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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 大衛.溫柏格(David Weinberger)(2008)。亂是一種新商機:數位行為改寫的消費習慣 (Everything Is Miscellaneous: The Power of the New Digital Disorder)。(周宜芳譯)。台北市:天下文化。(原著出版年2007年)
  2. 林雯瑤(2006)。層面分類的概念與應用。教育資料與圖書館學,44(2),頁153-171。
  3. 張淇龍(2007)。社會性書籤網站使用者之標記動機及標籤選擇因素之研究。國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 張淇龍、卜小蝶(2006)。淺談Web 2.0與通俗分類於圖書資訊服務之應用。圖書與資訊學刊,57,頁74-93。
  5. 游子賢(2005)。通俗分類標記之自動組織。國立臺灣大學資訊管理學研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁文馨(2012)。以視覺化標籤雲輔助圖書標記之使用者研究。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2012。1-103。 
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