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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 16 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] 張孟孔,生命週期成本分析鋪面平坦度付款調整因子,國立成功大學土木工程學研究所博士論文,民國97年。
  2. [5] 賴怡樺,建置慣性式平坦儀認證程序與人員教育訓練制度,國立台灣大學土木工程學研究所碩士論文,民國98年。
  3. [8]Tsai, C.-Y., Chou, C.-P., and Chen, A.-C., The Study of Relationship between IRI and 3m Straightedge Acceptance Specification, Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, (accepted for publication) 2010.
  4. [9] 周家蓓、張力維,三米直規之應用性探討,中華鋪面工程學會會刊九卷一期,pp.10-26,2011。
  5. [10] 張力維,鋪面平坦度規範與指標轉換分析之研究,國立台灣大學土木工程所碩士論文,民國98年。
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