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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 578 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁志音、劉芳助、李袖瑜(2007),〈以追求身心完美為名:生活機能醫藥對健康照護的危害〉。《臺灣公共衛生雜誌》26(6):443-451。
  2. 王佳煌(2007),〈生技資本主義:馬克思主義生態觀點的批判〉。《科技、醫療與社會》4: 16-64。
  3. ──(2010),〈論中藥作為保健食品:以四物湯的生命史為例探討藥品與食品範疇的革命〉。《科技、醫療與社會》11: 89-148。
  4. 余依婷、鄭惠文(2012),《臺灣中藥科技發展史》。臺北:鄭氏藥學文教基金會。
  5. 呂叔瑋(2011),〈盜伐集團的組織與運作模式〉。臺北:國立臺北大學犯罪學研究所碩士論文。
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