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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林承緯 [Lin Chen-Wei] 2005。台灣都市蔓延發展型態之研究--以台灣四大都會區為例 [A Morphological Research of Urban Sprawl in Taiwanese Four Major Metropolises]。台灣大學碩士論文 [Master dissertation, National Tawan Universtiy, Taipei]。
  2. 賴進貴、 葉高華、王韋力 [Lay Jinn-Guey, Yap Ko-Hua, Wang Wei-ley] 2004。土地利用變遷與空間相依性之探討以臺北盆地聚落變遷為例 [Exploring Land Use Changes and Spatial Dependence- A CAse Study of Settlement Changes in the Taipei Basin]。臺灣地理資訊學刊(1) [Journal of Taiwan Geographic Information Science (1)]: 29-40。
  3. 劉紹臣、 劉振榮、林傳堯、 許乾忠、林文澤 [Liu Shau-Chen, Liu Chen-Jung, Lin Chuan-Yao, Lin Web-Tse] 2003。台灣西部平原熱島效應 [Urban Heat Island Effect in Taiwn West-Coastal plain] 。看見台灣(5) [Taiwan Watch (5)]。.
  4. Clarke, K. C. and L. J. Gaydos. 1998. Loose-coupling a cellular automaton model and GIS: Long-term urban growth prediction for San Francisco and Washington/Baltimore. International Journal of Geographical Information Science (12): 699-714.
  5. Clarke, K. C., S. Hoppen and L. Gaydos. 1997. A self-modifying cellular automaton model of historical urbanization in the San Francisco Bay area. Environment and planning B (24): 247-262.
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