Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 杜文苓、陳致中,2007,〈民眾參與公共決策的反思:以竹科宜蘭基地設置為例〉,《台灣民主季刊》,4(3)︰33-62
  2. 杜文苓,2007,〈審議民主與社會運動:民間團體籌辦新竹科學園區宜蘭基地公民會議的啟發〉,《公共行政學報》,23︰67-93。
  3. 林火旺,2005,〈審議民主與公民養成〉,《國立台灣大學哲學論評》,29︰103-143。
  4. 林國明、陳東升,2003,〈公民會議與審議式民主:全民健保的公民參與經驗〉,《台灣社會學》,6︰61-118。
  5. 林國明,2007,〈審議民主實踐的多元模式〉書評:The Deliberative Democracy Handbook: Strategies for Effective Civic Engagement in the 21st Century. edited by John Gastill and Peter Levine. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2005, Hardcover, 336 pp.,《臺灣民主季刊》4(2):191-95
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈加蓉(2013)。我國社區政策與社區工作的進展-市場邏輯和自願行動的矛盾。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2013。1-142。
  2. 傅卉棋(2016)。地方性公民投票的理論與實踐—台灣2014年地方自治選舉政見的觀察。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-166。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :