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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 高浩宸(民97)。虛擬角色主導「線上品牌」策略藍圖:引用Global MBA 網站首頁做為探索的範本。未出版之碩士論文,臺灣大學資訊管理學研究所,台北市。
    2. 陳鈺雯(民98)。運用人物誌方法於音樂啟蒙互動玩具之設計。未出版之碩士論文, 國立成功大學工業設計學系研究所,台南市。
    3. 董正王亭(民100)。3G行動電話使用者經驗研究—以評估目的發展的使用者角色模型。未出版之碩士論文,國立交通大學傳播研究所,新竹市。
    4. 劉麗萍(民98)。在商展上活用Persona探索互動產品之使用者需求。未出版之碩士論文,國立台北科技大學創新設計研究所,台北市。
    5. Auld, G. (2007). Talking books for children's home use in a minority Indigenous Australian language context. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 23(1), 48-6
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