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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 615 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 16. 安德魯.林基(Andrew Linzey)著,李鑑慧譯,《動物福音》,永望,2006年初版。
  2. 17. 湯姆.睿根(Tom Regan)著;莽萍、馬天杰譯,《打開牢籠:面對動物權利的挑戰》,中國政法大學出版社,2005年初版。
  3. 18. 吳宗憲,〈我國動物保護行政組織結構之現狀與分析〉,《催生動保司專輯》,催生動保司行動聯盟、關懷生命協會(未出版),頁21-26。
  4. 1. 丁昱仁,《獵捕保育類野生動物之可刑罰性研究》,臺灣大學法律學研究所碩士論文,2006年。
  5. 3. 尤莉婭,《公益平面廣告研究於動物保護:女性模特兒反對殘酷時尚》,國立政治大學廣告研究所碩士論文,2010年。
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