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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方偉達、薛怡珍、何一先 (2008) 河川匯流處低水護岸之生態影響現象─以華江雁鴨自然公園為例。國立臺南大學「環境與生態學報」 1(2): 1-14。
  2. 杜承祖 (2009) 應用棲地適合度指標 (HSI) 於海岸植栽美質之研究。國立交通大學土木工程研究所碩士論文。
  3. 林雅 (2010) 運用空間資訊技術在社區監測─以宜蘭縣無尾港鳥類調查為例。國立臺灣大學理學院地理環境資源學系碩士論文。
  4. 黃國文 (2012) 華江濕地小水鴨度冬棲地之適應性管理。國立臺灣大學工學院土木工程學系博士論文。
  5. 彭安琪 (2011) 宜蘭縣無尾港水鳥保護區社區監測的施行與研究。國立臺灣大學生物資源暨農學院森林環境暨資源學系碩士論文。
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