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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Ben-Elia, E. and Ettema, D. (2011), ” Changing commuters’ behavior using rewards: A study of rush-hour avoidance”, Transportation Research Part F, Vol. 14, pp. 354-368.
  2. 2. Brazil, W. and Caulfield, B. (2013), “ Does green make a difference: The potential role of smartphone technology in transport behavior”, Transportation Research Part C, Vol. 37, pp. 93-101.
  3. 3. Budd, L. and Vorley, T. (2013), “ Airlines, apps, and business travel: a critical examination”, Research in Transportation Business and Management, Vol. 9, pp. 41-49.
  4. 4. Dissanayake, D. and Morikawa, T. (2010), “ Investigating household vehicle ownership, mode choice and trip sharing decisions using a combined revealed preference/stated preference nested logit model: case study in Bangkok metropolitan region”, Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 402-410.
  5. 8. Lee, S.Y. (2014), “ Examining the factors that influence early adopters’ smartphone adoption: the case of college students”, Telematics and Informatics, Vol. 31, pp. 308–318.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱琮驊(2016)。國道五號及門旅行時間對運具選擇行為影響之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2016。1-113。 
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