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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Christian Starck 著(2006)。《法學、憲法法院審判權與基本權利》。台北:元照。
  2. 李惠宗(2007)。《行政法要義》。台北:新學林。
  3. 林明鏘(2011)。〈由防止危害到危險預防─由德國警察任務與權限之嬗變檢討我國之警察法制〉,《警察法學研究》,頁1 至51。台北:新學林。
  4. Christian Starck 著,李建良譯(1997)。〈基本權利之保護義務〉,政大法學評論, 第 58 期,頁33 至82。
  5. 洪德欽(2011)。〈預防原則歐盟化之研究〉,東吳政治學報第29 卷第2 期,頁1 至 56。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱楷涵(2017)。大臺北地區消費者對純米米粉的購買行為與願付價值之研究。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-112。 
  2. 林奎佑(2016)。食品業者自主管理義務之研究-以食品安全治理模式為視角。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2016。1-158。 
  3. 林宛葶(2016)。論食品安全風險控管─以國家與食品業者共同管制為中心─。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2016。1-156。 
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