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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王靖興、孫天龍(2005)。〈台灣民眾民主政治評價影響因素之分析〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,第2卷(第3期):55-80。
  2. 何明修(2013)。〈公民運動與公民不服從:兩條晚近台灣社會運動的路線〉,《新社會政策雙月刊》第30期 :19-22。
  3. 吳依珊(2015)。〈當代青年政治參與、公民能力與政治效能感之研究〉,《國教新知》第62卷(第1期):21-33。
  4. 吳親恩(2007)。〈台灣民眾的政治信任差異: 政治人物、政府與民主體制三個面向的觀察〉,《台灣政治學刊》第11卷(第1期):147-200。
  5. 吳親恩、李鳳玉(2015)。〈年齡、就業情況與政治參與:東亞國家的觀察〉,《政治學報》第59期:81-108。
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