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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 164 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王乃弘(1999). 民眾就醫選擇之研究—分析層級程序法之應用. 中華公共衛生雜誌,18(2),138-151。
  2. 石曜堂、陳麗美(1980). 台北市醫療服務能用之研究. 醫學研究,14(1),1023-1032.
  3. 余宏政、季瑋珠、邱祖毅(1994). 台北地區社區成年婦女尿失禁的盛行率及危險因子的評估. 中華泌尿科醫學會雜誌,5(1),25-31.
  4. 林文香、楊文山、林孝義(1993). 全身性紅斑狼瘡患者之求醫行為及其影響因素探討. 公共衛生,20(3),265-276.
  5. 吳淑瓊、楊志良、吳新英(1982). 影響民眾傷病發生與醫療行為之多變項分析. 中華民國公共衛生學會雜誌,1,35-45.
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