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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 228 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文霞,1980,〈威瑪共和失敗之探討:由經濟發展談起〉,《成功大學歷史學系歷史學報》,7: 221-252。
  2. 王文霞,1984,〈威瑪共和的政治〉,《成功大學歷史學系歷史學報》,11: 127-170。
  3. 沈有忠,2004,〈半總統制下的權力集散與政府穩定:台灣與威瑪共和的比較〉,《台灣民主季刊》,1(3): 99-130。
  4. 沈有忠,2005,〈制度制約下的行政與立法關係:以我國九七憲改後的憲政運作為例〉,《政治科學論叢》,23: 27-60。
  5. 吳玉山,2002,〈半總統制下內閣組成與政治穩定:比較俄羅斯、波蘭與中華民國」,《俄羅斯學報》,2: 229-265。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪飛騰(2004)。學習型組織建立之研究 --以中國國民黨地方鄉鎮黨部為例。成功大學政治經濟研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2004。1-162。
  2. 莊明達(2009)。我國募兵組織運作之研究。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2009。1-132。
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