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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Wu AW: Medical error: the second victim. British Medical Journal 2000;320:726-7.
  2. 2. Andrus CH, Villasenor EG, Kettelle JB, et al: Journal of the American College of Surgeons 2003;196,6:911-8.
  3. 3. Barach P, Small SD: reporting and preventing medical mishaps: lessons from non-medical near miss reporting systems. British Medical Journal 2000;320:759-63.
  4. 4. Forster AJ, Murff HJ, Peterson JF, et al: The Incidence and Severity of Adverse Events Affecting Patients after Discharge from the Hospital. Annals of internal medicine 2003; 138:161-7.
  5. 5. Furukawa H, Bunko H, Tsuchiya F, et al: Voluntary Medication Error Reporting Program in a Japanese National University Hospital. The Annals of Pharmacotherapy 2003;37:1716-22.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪冠予(2013)。醫院異常事件的成本分析:某醫學中心的初探研究。臺灣大學財務金融組學位論文。2013。1-65。 
  2. 曾勤博(2010)。從醫師通報制度論公共衛生與病患資訊隱私權之平衡。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2010。1-127。 
  3. 楊雲湘(2010)。護理人員醫療異常事件通報意向之探討-以台南不同層級醫院為例。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2010。1-118。
  4. 許超(2011)。臨床人員的領導模式對醫療異常事件通報意願的相關性。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-119。
  5. 張美鈴(2012)。護理人員對醫院異常事件通報的認知與執行之探討—以北部某市立聯合醫院為例。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-167。
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