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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Ichikawa, N. J. Chem. Soc. Japan 1932, 53, 353-362.
  2. 4. Zavarin, E. J. Org. Chem. 1958, 23, 1264-1268.
  3. 5. Anderson, A. B. Nature 1962, 194, 410.
  4. 6. Harmatha, J.; Budesinsky, M.; Trka, A. Coll. Czech. Chem. Comm. 1982, 47, 644-663.
  5. 8. (a) Cheng, Y. S.; Lo, T. B. Chang, L. H.; Lin, Y. T. J. Chin. Chem. Soc. 1961, 8, 103-108. (b) Lin, Y. T.; Lo, T. B.; Chang, Y. S. J. Chin. Chem. Soc. 1960, 7, 166-173. (c) 鄭玉瑕,林凱春,化學,1970, 1, 28-29. (d) 鄭玉瑕,林凱春,化學,1971, 3, pp 94-99. (e) Fang, J. M.; Jan, S. T.; Cheng, Y. S. Phytochemistry 1985, 24, 1863-1864.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古惠菁(2008)。柳杉抽出成分對病媒蚊之毒殺與忌避活性。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2008。1-108。 
  2. 嚴孝榕(2007)。台灣肖楠小孢子發育和花粉發育之研究。臺灣大學生態學與演化生物學研究所學位論文。2007。1-128。 
  3. 林文偉(2007)。台灣扁柏皮部之化學成份研究。臺灣大學化學研究所學位論文。2007。1-206。 
  4. 邱錫臨(2007)。疏花魚藤之化學成分研究。臺灣大學化學研究所學位論文。2007。1-264。 
  5. 郭哲宏(2007)。紅檜皮部之化學成分研究。臺灣大學化學研究所學位論文。2007。1-105。 
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