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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. Lee, Stephen Q. S. and Katherine A. Lauter, “Using Pavement Management System Concepts to Determine the Cost and Impact of Utility Trenching on an Urban Road Network,” Transportation Research Record 1699, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 2000
  2. 9. City Auditor’s Office, Missouri, ”Street Maintenance,” City of Kansas City, August 2004
  3. 10. Shahin, M. Y., J. A. Crovetti, and J. L. Franco, Effects of Utility Cut Patching on Pavement Performance and Rehabilitation Costs, Preprint of the 1986 Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D. C., December 23, 1985.
  4. 13. “Carson City PMS for City Street,”FHWA, 1985.
  5. 18. America Society for Testing and Material, ”Standard Technology Relating to Traveled Surface Characteristics,” ASTM Standard E867-92b, Annual Book for ASTM Standards, Section 4, Volume 04.03, 1993.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林奕君(2016)。管線挖埋回填區域鋪面強度檢驗之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2016。1-127。 
  2. 葛孝萱(2009)。鋪面績效整合與孔蓋平坦度特徵之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2009。1-107。 
  3. 張永明(2009)。以道路平坦度觀點探討人手孔蓋下地政策必要性之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2009。1-105。 
  4. 陳弘章(2006)。應用慣性式平坦儀量測數據於道路整建平坦度驗收之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2006。1-105。 
  5. 陳志銘(2006)。分析現地再生瀝青混凝土性質與路面績效關係。成功大學土木工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-97。
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