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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 305 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王振寰,1993,「台灣新政商關係的形成與政治轉型」,收於王振寰著,資本,勞工,與國家機器:台灣的政治與社會轉型,台北:台灣社會研究叢刊,頁61-96。
  2. 朱敬一,2006,「租稅在所得分配上扮演之角色」,收於余範英、許嘉棟策劃,稅制改革的公與義,台北:財團法人時報文教基金會,頁185-198。
  3. 吳挺鋒,2003,「台灣財政平衡的現實與迷思:沒有平等的成長崇拜」,台灣社會研究季刊,第五十一期,頁1-49。
  4. 李碧涵,2001,「知識經濟時代國家競爭力的社會經濟分析」,國家發展研究,第一卷第一期,頁27-61。
  5. 李顯峰等,2006,海外所得課稅相關配套措施之研究,財政部賦稅署95年委託研究計畫。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周美連(2013)。臺北市財政收支規模與結構之研究:民國60年度至100年度。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-124。 
  2. 蕭淳尹(2013)。台灣都市更新法制之演變(1895-2012)-從知識繼受與在地經驗之觀點。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-182。 
  3. 王建今(2012)。邁向企業城市? 台北市產業發展與都市再發展的政策與實質。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2012。1-99。 
  4. 林俊雄(2006)。鄉鎮市長貪瀆犯罪之研究--兼論採購等制度之興革。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2006。1-239。 
  5. 楊明諭(2004)。鄉鎮市課徵地方稅政治可行性之研究—以台中縣為個案分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2004。1-222。 
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