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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁禮莉、曾鑠鑠、鄭秀成、雷德、鍾娜娜(2001).鼻咽癌之放射治療.臺灣醫學,5(3),324-331。
  2. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2009).中華民國九十五年癌症登記年度報告.取自10月6日,2009,
  3. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2008).中華民國九十五年癌症申報發生人數分類統計表,取自10月6日,2009,
  4. 任益民、林玉清、王宜斌、許文林、吳錦榕、黃經民等(1998).不同方式放射線照射法對鼻咽癌病人唾液功能之影響.放射治療與腫瘤學,5(2),65-71。
  5. 林玲華、陳景彥、劉嘉逸、陳美伶(2002).癌症住院病患憂鬱狀態的盛行率及預測因素.台灣醫學,6(4).535-545。
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