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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 206 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李淑敏 (1996) 利用無性繁殖法做臺灣肖楠營養系種子園之遺傳測試。中興大學森林所碩士論文,台中市。
  2. 周群、李銘鐘、黃清吟 (2002) 肖楠人工林中小徑木強度性質變異性探討。台灣林業科學17(4): 463-469。
  3. 張上鎮、王升陽、吳季玲 (2000) 臺灣肖楠樹皮滲出物之鑑定 林產工業 19(1): 59-65。
  4. 謝金霖 (2004) 台灣肖楠皮部之化學成分研究。台灣大學化學所博士論文,台北市。
  5. 鍾永立、胡大維 (1986) 光期與溫度變化對台灣肖楠種子發芽之效應 林業試驗所研究報告季刊 1(2): 63-67。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許佳玫(2008)。台灣穗花杉小孢子形成與花粉發育之研究。臺灣大學生態學與演化生物學研究所學位論文。2008。1-157。 
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