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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 司徒達賢(1997),「策略管理」,遠流出版社。
  2. 11. 洪順慶(2001),行銷管理,二版,台北:新陸書局。
  3. 16. 高莉莉(2005),「物料管理中備料作業的關鍵成功因素─ 以印刷電路板廠為例」,中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  4. 25. 黃中河(2012),應用網路分析法探討企業導入ERP系統之關鍵成功因素,國立高雄應用科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班碩士論文。
  5. 26. 黃以文(2004),醫病關係的建立,道雜誌,22期,31-38頁。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡良林(2014)。台灣牙醫診所經營模式研究。臺灣大學財務金融組學位論文。2014。1-106。
  2. 陳眉穎(2014)。醫院醫學美容中心服務創新之探討 -以T醫院為例。臺灣大學會計與管理決策組學位論文。2014。1-128。
  3. 陳禹帆(2016)。國際醫療健檢與醫美關鍵成功因素與困境之探討。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-132。
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