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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國長期照護專業協會(2002)。老人安養護機構、長期照護機構營運指南:中華民國長期照護專業協會。
  2. 毛慧芬、謝清麟(2000)。台北市民眾對職能治療專業認識程度之再調查。職能治療學會雜誌,18,81-86。
  3. 吳姿誼、黃怡靜、陳怡妙、陳美香、侯孟真、謝清麟(2012)。中風病人與家屬對職能治療之認識程度初探。職能治療學會雜誌,30,34-52。
  4. 宋曜廷、陳茹玲、李宜憲、查日龢、曾厚強、林維駿、…、張國恩(2013)。中文文本可讀性探討:指標選取、模型建立與效度驗證。中華心理學刊,55,75-106。doi:10.6129/cjp.20120621。
  5. 薛漪平、謝清麟(1997)。中風患者芙蘭切活動量表效度之再驗證:大台北地區研究。臺灣醫學,1,696-702。
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