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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王志弘(2003)台北市文化治理的性質與轉變,1967-2002。台灣社會研究季刊52:121-86
  2. 王思涵、江建國、江柏瑞、李宇中、許聖倫、陳紀樺、陳進男、褚侯森、張瑋真、曾瓊畿、鄭鈺琳、蔡菁芳(2000)空間的故事:參與式空間劇本寫作-以921地震災后國姓老街家屋重建為例。城市與設計學報11/12:295-312
  3. 林彥彤、余宜家(2011)紹興社區的「增值」與「發包」:台大、違建戶與空間作為資本,台灣社會研究年會發表論文
  4. 張文貞(2012)兩公約實施兩週年的檢討:以司法實踐為核心。思與言第50卷第4期:7-43
  5. 黃幹忠、夏晧清(2013)台南市老人的居住安排與居住環境之地區性比較-兼論社區老人住宅之接受度。建築與規劃學報14期:67-81
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