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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8.臺灣證券交易所(2009),「世界主要證券市場」,臺灣證券交易所。
  2. 9.臺灣證券交易所(2011),「證交所借券系統簡介」,臺灣證券交易所。
  3. 1.Boehmer, Ekkehart, Charles M. Jones, and Xiaoyan Zhang (2008), “Which shorts are informed,” Journal of Finance, 63, 491–527.
  4. 4.Dickey, D.A. and Fuller, W.A. (1981), “Likelihood ratio statistics for autoregressive time series with a unit root,” Journal of Econometrica, Vol. 49, P. 1057-1072.
  5. 5.Diether, Karl B., Kuan-Hui Lee, and Ingrid M. Werner (2008), “Short-sale strategies and return predictability,” Review of Financial Studies, 22, 575-607.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林建成(2014)。開放陸資來台投資對臺灣證券市場報酬率之影響。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-53。 
  2. 許婷茹(2014)。決定放空者行為的門檻值及放空行為之資訊性。中山大學財務管理學系研究所學位論文。2014。1-76。
  3. 鄭秀如(2017)。借券交易對個股股價波動之影響。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-76。
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